The Action Model

Health starts where we live, learn, work, and play.

The Action Model to Achieve a Healthy Campus provides an evidence-based approach to help institutions of higher education achieve their 2020 goals.

The Action Model addresses the places where health starts — where we live, learn, work, and play (Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, 2010, p. III). It emphasizes the determinants and ecological nature of health in campus communities and promotes the importance of implementing interventions that address health at multiple levels, including individual-level interventions and changing social environments, physical environments, and policies (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services [USDHHS], 2008, para. 10 & Exhibit A) within a campus community.

The MAP-IT (Mobilize, Assess, Plan, Implement, Track) Framework can help campus professionals plan and evaluate public health interventions (USDHHS, 2010) to create a healthier community.

The feedback loop indicates the cyclical nature of Healthy Campus planning and implementation. Results of interventions are demonstrated through assessment and tracking. These findings feed back to intervention planning to enable the identification of effective prevention strategies in the future.

This process involves time, effort, and a series of steps to "map out" the path toward the desired change in a community (The Community Toolbox, 2012, para. 4). Keep in mind that there is no "right" way to follow this approach, and some of the steps will need to be taken multiple times. Using MAP-IT, a campus coalition can develop a step-by-step, structured plan that is tailored to your specific community’s needs.

Action Model to Achieve a Healthy Campus
(McLeroy, et al, 1988; USDHHS, 2008, Exhibit A; USDHHS, 2010)

Ecological approach addressing determinants of health to improve student, faculty, and staff health.

Action Model to Achieve a Healthy Campus

References

McLeroy, K. R., Steckler, A. and Bibeau, D. (Eds.) (1988). The social ecology of health promotion interventions. Health Education Quarterly, 15(4):351-495. Retrieved May 1, 2012, from http://tamhsc.academia.edu/KennethMcLeroy/Papers/81901/An_Ecological_Perspective_on_Health_Promotion_Programs.

Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. (2010). A new way to talk about the determinants of health. Retrieved May 1, 2012, from http://ww.rwjf.org/files/research/vpmessageguide20101029.pdf.

The Community Toolbox. (2012). MAP-IT: a model for implementing healthy people 2020. Retrieved May 1, 2012, from http://ctb.ku.edu/en/tablecontents/chapter2_section14_main.aspx.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Secretary’s Advisory Committee on National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives for 2020 (2008). Phase I report: recommendations for the framework and format of healthy people 2020.Retrieved August 16, 2012 from http://www.healthypeople.gov/2010/hp2020/advisory/phasei/summary.htm

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Secretary’s Advisory Committee on National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives for 2020 (2010). A framework for implementation, implementing healthy people 2020. Retrieved August 16, 2012 from http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/implementing/default.aspx.

Further Reading/Resources

National Association of Student Personnel Administrators. (2004). Leadership of a healthy campus: an ecological approach to student success.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. (2011, November 15). Determinants of health. Retrieved May 1, 2012, from http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/about/DOHAbout.aspx.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Secretary’s Advisory Committee. (2008, December 11). Phase I Report: Recommendations for the framework and format of healthy people 2020. Retrieved May 1, 2012, from http://www.healthypeople.gov/2010/hp2020/advisory/phasei/summary.htm#_Toc211942897.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Secretary’s Advisory Committee on National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives for 2020 (2010). Healthy people 2020: an opportunity to address societal determinants of Health in the U. S.Retrieved August 16, 2012 from http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/about/advisory/SocietalDeterminantsHealth.pdf.